1
Sep

Fifteenth Dynasty

   Posted by: Shemsu Sesen   in

Fifteenth Dynasty

The Hyksos Dynasty

1650 to 1550 BC

Period

Seat of Power

Factions

Dating System

Second Intermediate

Avaris

Saite, Theban, Hyksos, various provincial

Franke, Ryholt

 

The Fifteenth Dynasty ran concurrent with the Fourteenth and Seventeenth Dynasties, and possibly some straggling elements of the Thirteenth Dynasty.  A dynasty of foreign invaders from northern Syria, the Hyksos were strongest in Lower Egypt, having established their capitol in Avaris—the same as Ay I, the last pharaoh of the Thirteenth Dynasty to rule a united Egypt. 

They ruled primarily from the delta region.  The most important Hyksos rulers appear below.  Due to the confusion of this period, all dates are approximate and may overlap.

 

Name of Ruler

Years of Reign

Capitol

Salitis

1630 to 1615 BC

Avaris

Sheshe

1615 to 1602 BC

Avaris

Yakubher

???

Avaris

Khyan

1621 to 1581 BC

Avaris

Ipepi (Apophis)

1574 to 1534 BC

Avaris

Khamudi

1541 to 1540 BC

Avaris