5
Sep

Twentieth Dynasty

   Posted by: Shemsu Sesen   in

Twentieth Dynasty

From Greatness to Irrelevancy—The Ramesside Period Pt. 2

1186 to 1069 BC

Period

Seat of Power

Factions

Dating System

New Kingdom

Memphis, Thebes, Tanis

The Ramesside Dynasty, Amun Priesthood, and Tanite faction

Shaw and Nicholson

 

The internecine rivalry of the Nineteenth Dynasty continues into the Twentieth, but with a backdrop of famine, drought, and disruption of the life-bringing cyclical flooding of the Nile.  The combination of political corruption and the people’s misery goads Egypt toward a Third Intermediate Period as the institutions of the New Kingdom wither.  The administrative center of Memphis grows so ineffectual that the High Priesthood of Amun at the religious center of Thebes assumes leadership of Upper Egypt while Smendes, a powerful local leader based in the northeastern delta city of Tanis, exerts control over Lower Egypt even as Ramesses XI still languishes on the throne.  Smendes would go on to found the Twenty-First Dynasty on Ramesses XI’s death.

 

Name of Ruler

Years of Reign

Capitol

Setnakhte

1186 to 1184 BC

Memphis

Ramesses III

1184 to 1153 BC

Memphis

Ramesses IV

1153 to 1147 BC

Memphis

Ramesses V

1147 to 1143 BC

Memphis

Ramesses VI

1143 to 1136 BC

Memphis

Ramesses VII

1136 to 1129 BC

Memphis

Ramesses VIII

1129 to 1126 BC

Memphis

Ramesses IX

1126 to 1108 BC

Memphis

Ramesses X

1108 to 1099 BC

Memphis

Ramesses XI

1099 to 1069 BC

Memphis, Thebes, Tanis