28
Aug

Thirteenth Dynasty

   Posted by: Shemsu Sesen   in

Thirteenth Dynasty

Rise of the Hyksos, Descent into Chaos

1795 to 1650 BC

Period

Seat of Power

Factions

Dating System

Second Intermediate

Memphis, Avaris

 Theban, Saite, various provincial

Redford, Piccone

 

The rise of the Hyksos combined with increasing challenges from the western delta region dragged the unlucky Thirteenth Dynasty into Egypt’s Second Intermediate Period.  While the official capitol of this dynasty was Memphis, provincial rulers once again had free reign of their local areas.  Many kings of the Fourteenth and even Fifteenth Dynasties overlapped with the Thirteenth Dynasty, and in the end pressures from the Hyksos proved to too much for the central government to hold.

The last king to be attributed with ruling all of Egypt in the Thirteenth Dynasty was Ay I (Merneferre Ay), who ruled from Avaris. 

 

Name of Ruler

Years of Reign

Capitol

Wegaf

1786 to 1783 BC

Memphis

Amenemhet-senebef

1782 to 1780 BC

Memphis

Sekhemre-Khutawi

??? to 1772 BC

Memphis

Amenemhet V

1772 to 1770 BC

Memphis

Sehetepibre I

1770 to 1769 BC

Memphis

Iufeni

 

Memphis

Amenemhat VI

1769 to ??? BC

Memphis

Semenkare

 

Memphis

Sehetepibre II

 

Memphis

Sewadjkare

 

Memphis

Nedjemibre

 

Memphis

Sobekhotep I

??? to 1764 BC

Memphis

Reniseneb

 

Memphis

Hor I

1764 to ??? BC

Memphis

Amenemhet VII

 

Memphis

Sobekhotep II

1760 to 1756 BC

Memphis

Khendjer

1756 to 1751 BC

Memphis

Imira-mesha

 

Memphis

Intef IV

 

Memphis

Seth

 

Memphis

Sobekhotep III

1749 to 1747 BC

Memphis

Neferhotep I

1747 to 1736 BC

Memphis

Sihathor

1735 BC

Memphis

Sobekhotep IV

1734 to 1724 BC

Memphis

Sobekhotep V

1725 to 1721 BC

Memphis

Iaib

1721 to 1712 BC

Memphis

Ay I  (Merneferre Ay)

1712 to 1700 BC

Memphis

Sewadjtu

1698 to 1695 BC

Memphis

Ined

 

Memphis

Hori

 

Memphis

Sobekhotep VI

1700 to 1698 BC

Memphis

Neferhotep II

1695 to 1692 BC

Memphis

Sobekhotep VII

1690 to 1688 BC

Memphis

Senwosret IV

 

Memphis

Mentuhotep V

 

Memphis

Mentuemsaf

 

Memphis

Dedumes I

 

Memphis

Neferhotep III

 

Memphis

Sobekhotep VIII

 

Memphis

Ibi II

 

Memphis

Hor II

 

Memphis

Senebmiu

 

Memphis

Sekhanre I

 

Memphis

Merkheperre

 

Memphis

Merikare

 

Memphis