16
Sep

Twenty-First Dynasty

   Posted by: Shemsu Sesen   in

Twenty-First Dynasty

The Tanite Dynasty and the Amun Priesthood

1069 to 945 BC

Period

Seat of Power

Factions

Dating System

Third Intermediate

Tanis

Tanite, High Priests of Amun

Shaw and Nicholson

 

The infighting of the Ramesside Period and the growing influence of local leaders, particularly in the northern delta region, again results in a decentralization of power as Egypt enters its Third Intermediate Period.  The primary factions at this point are the line of northern pharaohs based at the city of Tanis and the Amun Priesthood based at Thebes.  However, the growing influence of the Nubians and Libyan immigrants would come to play a significant role in shaping the political, cultural, and demographic profiles of Egypt.  It is worth noting that despite the decentralization of power and the designation of “intermediate,” the Twenty First through Twenty Fourth Dynasties were a period of relative stability, and many of the changes that occurred became permanent aspects of Egyptian identity.

 

Name of Ruler

Years of Reign

Capitol

Smendes

1069 to 1043 BC

Tanis

Amenemnisu

1043 to 1039 BC

Tanis

Psusennes I

1339 to 991 BC

Tanis

Amenemope

993 to 984 BC

Tanis

Osorkon the Elder

984 to 978 BC

Tanis

Siamun

978 to 959 BC

Tanis

Psusennes II

959 to 945 BC

Tanis

 

The High Priests of Thebes, while not accorded their own dynasty, per se, were effectively the rulers of southern Egypt during the Twenty-First Dynasty.  While obviously not a part of the Twenty-First Dynasty, they are listed here for reference purposes.

 

Name of Ruler

Years of Reign

Capitol

Pinedjem I

1070 to 1054 BC

 Thebes

Masaharta

1054 to 1046 BC

Thebes

Djedkhonsuefankh

1046 to 1045 BC

 Thebes

Menkheperre

1045 to 992 BC

 Thebes

Smendes II

992 to 990 BC

 Thebes

Pinedjem II

990 to 969 BC

 Thebes