16
Sep

Twenty-Second Dynasty

   Posted by: Shemsu Sesen   in

Twenty-Second Dynasty

The Libyan Dynasty

945 to 715 BC

Period

Seat of Power

Factions

Dating System

Third Intermediate

Tanis, Thebes

Libyan, Amun Priesthood, local nobility

Shaw and Nicholson

 

The Twenty-Second Dynasty was a line of Libyan kings who had settled in and around Bubastis and made Tanis their capitol city.  The dynasty opened with ambitious military campaigns into the Levant by Shoshenq I, some of which may be referred to in the Old Testament (1 Kings 14: 25—6; 2 Chronicles 12:2—9).  However, Shoshenq I’s successors would eschew the military approach in favor of trade and economic policies with Egypt’s neighbors.  The Twenty-Second Dynasty pharaohs made an effort to reconsolidate power, but the local nobility had once again grown strong, and through means peaceful or otherwise, were determined to hold on to their independence.

 On the death of Osorkon II Takelot II begins a rulership of Upper Egypt from Thebes which will spawn the Twenty-Third Dynasty, while Shoshenq III continues to rule Lower Egypt from Tanis.

Name of Ruler

Years of Reign

Capitol

Shoshenq I

945 to 924 BC

Tanis

Osorkon I

924 to 889 BC

Tanis

Shoshenq II

890 BC

Tanis

Takelot I

889 to 874 BC

Tanis

Osorkon II

874 to 850 BC

Tanis

Takelot II

850 to 825 BC

Thebes

Shoshenq III

825 to 773 BC

Tanis

Pami

773 to 767 BC

Tanis

Shoshenq V

767 to 730 BC

Tanis

Osorkon IV

930 to 715 BC

Tanis