Twenty-Ninth Dynasty

   Posted by: Keith Payne   in

Twenty-Ninth Dynasty

The Mendean Kings

399 to 380 BC

Period Seat of Power Factions Dating System
Late Kingdom Period Mendes (Djedet) Persian, Mendean/Djedetian Shaw and Nicholson


Nepherites I becomes the first Pharaoh of the Twenty-Ninth Dynasty after overthrowing Amyrtaeus II.  Nepherites I maintains Egypt’s independence from the Persians by forming an alliance with the Spartans. On his death, Nepherites I’s heir, Muthis, is usurped by Psammuthes, and their respective factions wear each other down to the point that a third party is able to secure the throne for himself. 

Hakor supplants Psammuthes and seizes the throne based on a most likely spurious claim that he is Nepherites I’s grandson.  During Hakor’s rule Persia and Sparta enter a period of peace, but Hakor continues to hold off the Persians with the assistance of Cyprus and Athenian mercenaries.  Hakor’s heir, Nepherites II, only rules for four months before he is overthrown by Nekhtnebef I (Nectanebo I), ending the Twenty-Ninth Dynasty.

Name of Ruler Years of Reign Capitol
Nepherites I 399 to 393 BC Mendes
Psammuthes 393 BC Mendes
Hakor 393 to 380 BC Mendes
Nepherites II 380 BC Mendes