27
Aug

Fifth Dynasty

   Posted by: Shemsu Sesen   in

Fifth Dynasty

The Decline of the Pyramid Age and the Rise of the Solar Cult

2494 to 2345

Period

Seat of Power

Factions

Dating System

Old Kingdom

Memphis

n/a

Shaw and Nicholson

 

Although still a period of prosperity, pyramid building enters a decline during the Fifth Dynasty as priorities shift toward temple building with the ascension of the Solar Cult of Ra based at Heliopolis.  Mining expeditions and foreign trade both increase during this dynasty.  

 

Name of Ruler

Years of Reign

Capitol

Userkaf

2494 to 2487 BC

Memphis

Sahure

2487 to 2475 BC

Memphis

Neferirkare

2475 to 2455 BC

Memphis

Shepseskare

2455 to 2448 BC

Memphis

Neferefre

2448 to 2445 BC

Memphis

Nyuserre Ini

2445 to 2421 BC

Memphis

Menkauhor

2421 to 2414 BC

Memphis

Djedkare

2414 to 2375 BC

Memphis

Unas

2375 to 2345 BC

Memphis